H1N1- Awareness program conducted by HMR on 24th FEB 2015

Swine Flu Information

Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses (H1N1 subtype) that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen.

The only portals of entry are the nostrils and mouth/throat. In a global epidemic of this nature, it's almost impossible to avoid coming into contact with H1N1 in spite of all precautions. Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is.

WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO KEEP FROM SPREADING THE VIRUS THROUGH COUGHING OR SNEEZING ?

  • If you are sick, limit your contact with other people as much as possible.
  • Do not go to work, stay at home or in your hotel room.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.
  • Put your used tissue in the waste basket.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze if you do not have a mask.Then, clean your hands, and do so every time you cough or sneeze.
    WHAT DRUGS ARE AVAILABLE FOR TREATMENT ?
  • Antiviral drugs for seasonal influenza are available in some countries and effectively prevent and treat the illness.
  • There are two classes of such medicines,
  • 1) Adamantanes (amantadine and remantadine), and

    2) Inhibitors of influenza neuraminidase (oseltamivirori.e Tamiflu and zanamivir).

    HEALTH TIPS RECAP

  • Avoid close contact With sick people. Keep safe distance
  •  Stay home when you are sick If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands
  • Cover your mouth and nose Cover mouth and nose with tissue when coughing or sneezing
  • Clean your hands Frequent hand washing will protect you from germs
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth germs often spread when a person touches something that is Contaminated and then touches his or her eyes, nose or mouth
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you develop influenza-like symptoms. (High Fever, body pain, coughing and red nose)
  • Frequent hand-washing (well highlighted in all official communications).
  •  "Hands-off-the-face" approach. Resist all temptations to touch any part of face (unless you want to eat, bathe or slap).
  •  Gargle twice a day with warm salt water (use Listerine if you don't trust salt)... * H1N1 takes 2-3 days after initial infection in the throat/ nasal cavity to proliferate and show characteristic symptoms. Simple gargling prevents proliferation. In a way, gargling with salt water has the same effect on a healthy individual that Tamiflu has on an infected one. Don't underestimate this simple, inexpensive and powerful preventative method.
  •  Similar to 3 above, * clean your nostrils at least once every day with warm salt water. * Not everybody may be good at Jala Neti or Sutra Neti (very good Yoga asanas to clean nasal cavities), but * blowing the nose hard once a day and swabbing both nostrils with cotton buds dipped in warm salt water is very effective in bringing down viral population. *
  • Boost your natural immunity with foods that are rich in Vitamin C (Amla and other citrus fruits). * If you have to supplement with Vitamin C tablets, make sure that it also has Zinc to boost absorption.
  • Drink as much of warm liquids (tea, coffee, etc) as you can. * Drinking warm liquids has the same effect as gargling, but in the reverse direction. They wash off proliferating viruses from the throat into the stomach where they cannot survive, proliferate or do any harm.
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